06/12/2007versione stampabileprintinvia paginasend



Quito launches a campaign for the sake of humanity, but wants something in exchange
 While G8 leading industrial nations are talking about climate emergency and looking at a second Kyoto protocol, wishing the United States to join the multilateral agreements on the reduction of greengas gas emissions, Ecuador gives everyone a lesson launching a revolutionary ecological campaign: for humanity’s sake, the country will give up any oil exploitation in the Yasuni National Park included in the UNESCO world biosphere reserves, avoiding new dangerous CO2 emissions. To renounce the tempting income deriving from oil will be a great sacrifice to such a small country, to this purpose they are asking for a moderate contribution: 350 million dollars per year over ten years, that is half the income deriving from oilfields.
 
HuaoraniIn addition, part of the funds to support the task will be provided by Accion Ecologica, a local NGO that launched a peculiar marketing campaign: to sell for €5 a barrel the Yasuni oil to any buyer who will leave it on the spot for ever as earth blood, following the native tradition. Native culture is indeed law in a land always inhabited by the Huaorani, a nomadic people engaged in hunt who need a space wide enough for their life. Oil extractions would certainly encourage their soon extinction. The government assessment on the feasibility of the project displays how the extraction areas often correspond to those of narcotraffic and coca production. The soil analysis provide the use of some ingredients essential to transform the coca leaves into a pasty mass and consequently into cocaine.

HuaoraniNew refineries. Some substances used in oil industry are also chemical components of this process: from the sulphurous to the hydrochloric acid, from the nitric acid to the sodium hydroxide. To build new oil refineries near the wells is highly convenient. New roads, fresh money and oilfields contribute to develop other illegal activities, for instance biopiracy and wood smuggling. In the end the park spread on the Amazonian region is on the border between Colombia and Peru, a logistically strategic highly risky area. Oil wells would further extend the ongoing conflict on the Colombian border and jeopardize the relationships with Peru.


HuaoraniProyeto Itt. The final attempt to cover up the so-called Proyeto Itt, meaning to exploit the blocks of crude oil in the Yasuni park, has to deal with very complex issues. The President means to make an ecological choice supported by everyone, first of all the great Powers, and invest the income in a domestic agriculture, in order to establish the food independence necessary for the country to escape poverty. In this way he would respect the international agreements on climate change, preservation of biodivesity and protected areas and give a chance of development to a country always on the brink.

Now it is the world’s turn, G8 in primis.
 
Stella Spinelli